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[China advances steadily] Advantages of ownership of the basic socialist economic system

Editor's note: The socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system grow on the soil of Chinese society and form the long-term practice of revolution, construction, and reform. They are rooted in the Chinese historical and cultural traditions and absorb the beneficial results of human system civilization, which not only guarantees It not only miracles the rapid economic development and long-term social stability of our country, but also adds more colors, more paradigms, and more choices to the development of human society with the coexistence of multiple civilizations. The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Adhering to and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and the Governance Capability, adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, summarized and profoundly explained our country from 13 aspects The significant advantages of the system and the national governance system are closely centered on "what to uphold and consolidate" and "what to improve and develop", and put forward a series of new ideas, new ideas and new measures, and put forward the fundamental requirements for pushing forward the reform and opening up in the new era. It is the basic basis for our firm "four self-confidence". In order to deeply study and publicize the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC, the Central Cyberspace Office and Qiushi Magazine jointly organized the "China's Steady Progress" online theoretical communication column, and invited experts and scholars in the ideological and theoretical circles to write a series of theoretical articles. It is the launch of the 9th article, so stay tuned.

Summary of content: Public ownership is the mainstay, and the common development of multiple ownership economies is one of the significant advantages of China's national system and national governance system. The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Nineteenth Central Committee also regards distribution according to work as the mainstay, multiple distribution methods coexist and socialist markets. The economic system has risen to the category of the basic socialist economic system. These three basic economic systems are interconnected, support each other, and promote each other, and they are long-term and stable. Consolidating and developing the public-owned economy and encouraging, supporting, and guiding the development of the non-public-owned economy are not simply opposed, but organically unified. At this stage, we insist on the common development of the public ownership as the main body and the common development of multiple ownership economies. We can give play to our respective strengths and strengths, promote the development of productive forces, and continuously meet the people's increasing needs for a better life on the basis of production development and social wealth growth. All-round development and the overall progress of society.

The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a scientific system, and all work and activities in China's national governance are carried out in accordance with the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The ownership of the means of production is the core content of the basic economic system and the fundamental factor that determines the basic nature and development direction of society. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Communist Party of China led the people in socialist transformation, established a socialist economic system based on public ownership, and opened a broad path for the development of productive forces. Since the reform and opening up, the Chinese Communist Party has made unremitting explorations based on the basic national conditions of China to improve the ownership structure in the primary stage of socialism. We adhere to the dominant position of the public ownership and the leading status of the state-owned economy. At the same time, we vigorously adjust the ownership structure and support the healthy development of individual, private, and foreign-invested economies, effectively stimulating the vitality and creativity of various market entities. The 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China explicitly stated that the common development of public ownership as the mainstay and the multi-ownership economy is a basic economic system in China's primary stage of socialism. The 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has proposed to unswervingly consolidate and develop the public ownership economy, and to unswervingly encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public ownership economy. The 17th and 18th CPC National Congress continued to emphasize "two unwavering" and made further enrichment and development. The Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the People's Republic of China made it clear that both public and non-public economies are important components of the socialist market economy, and both are important foundations for China's economic and social development. The Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China has written "two unshakables" into the basic strategy of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and further determined it as a major political policy of the party and the country.

On the basis of the above exploration, the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee clearly pointed out that public ownership is the main body and the common development of multiple ownership economies is one of the significant advantages of China's national system and national governance system. The coexistence of distribution methods and the rise of the socialist market economy system into the category of the basic socialist economic system. This is a major theoretical innovation, a great creation of the party and the people, and a sign that China's socialist economic system is more mature and stereotyped. These three basic economic systems are interconnected, support each other, and promote each other. They are long-term and stable parts of the economic system. They play a regulatory role and have a decisive influence on the attributes of the economic system and the mode of economic development. Among them, the ownership system occupies an important position. This is an important basis for the formation of the basic socialist distribution system and a socialist market economy, an important pillar of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the foundation of a socialist market economy. Adhering to and improving the common development of the public ownership as the mainstay and the multi-ownership economy have important guidance for better exerting the superiority of the socialist system, liberating and developing social productive forces, promoting high-quality economic development, and achieving the "two hundred-year" struggle goals significance.

The inevitable requirement to meet the people's growing needs for a better life. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and the main contradictions in society have been transformed into contradictions between the people's increasing needs for a better life and imbalanced and inadequate development. The people's needs for a better life are becoming wider and wider. Not only are higher and more diverse demands placed on material and cultural life, but the demands on democracy, the rule of law, fairness, justice, security, and the environment are increasing day by day. To resolve new contradictions and achieve new development, it is necessary to resolve imbalances and inadequacy in development. At this stage, we insist on the common development of the public ownership as the main body and the common development of multiple ownership economies. We can give play to our respective strengths and strengths, promote the development of productive forces, and continuously meet the people's increasing needs for a better life on the basis of production development and social wealth growth. All-round development and the overall progress of society.

Objective needs for the development of productive forces in the primary stage of socialism. Although the main contradictions in our society have changed, the basic national conditions that our country is still in and will be in the primary stage of socialism have not changed, and our international status as the world ’s largest developing country has not changed. Overall, there is still a large gap between the level of productivity and developed countries, the economic development is not intensive and efficient, the urban-rural dual structure is still outstanding, the regional development is not coordinated, the income distribution gap is large, the task of eliminating poverty is arduous, and the development is uneven and uncoordinated. The problem of unsustainability is still outstanding. Adhering to the common development of the public ownership as the mainstay and the multi-ownership economy, giving full play to the advantages of multiple ownerships, and fully mobilizing the polarities of all parties are the objective needs to meet the multi-level development requirements of productive forces and further emancipate and develop socialist social productive forces.

The institutional guarantee for realizing the goal of the "two hundred years" and then the Chinese nation's great revival of the Chinese dream. Seventy years after the founding of New China, our party has led the people to create a miracle of rapid economic development and long-term social stability that is rare in the world. The Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, getting rich and becoming stronger, and cannot do without public ownership. The basic economic system guarantees the common development of the main body and multiple ownership economies. The basic socialist economic system organically combines the socialist system and the market economy. It is a system that has been tested to have great advantages in practice. It is not only conducive to liberating and developing social productive forces, improving people's lives, but also maintaining social equity and justice, and achieving common ground. rich. In the future, facing unprecedented changes in the world in a century, China must better meet the needs of the people ’s beautiful life, overcome various risks and challenges on the way forward, achieve the "two hundred years" goal, and realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation We must also work harder to uphold and improve this basic economic system.

Under the new historical conditions, how to uphold and improve the basic economic system with public ownership as the mainstay and the common development of multiple-ownership economies, the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee made a clear plan, which must be carefully implemented.

First, unwaveringly consolidate and develop the public ownership economy. Persistence in taking public ownership as the main body is the fundamental guideline for adhering to and improving China's basic economic system. The public ownership economy has been formed in the course of national development for a long time. It has made outstanding contributions to national construction, national defense security, and improvement of people's lives. It is a valuable asset for all people. Of course, it must be developed well and continue to be made for reform, opening up, and modernization. contribution. It is necessary to explore various forms of realization of public ownership, advance the optimization and structural adjustment of the state-owned economy, develop a mixed-ownership economy, enhance the competitiveness, innovation, control, influence, and anti-risk capabilities of the state-owned economy, and make state-owned capital stronger and better. Deepen the reform of state-owned enterprises and improve the modern enterprise system with Chinese characteristics. Form a state-owned asset supervision system that focuses on managing capital, and effectively play the role of state-owned capital investment and operating companies.

Second, unwaveringly encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public ownership economy. China's non-public ownership economy from small to large, from weak to strong, was achieved under the guidance of our party and state policies. The private economy is an inherent element of China's economic system and has become an indispensable force for China's development. It has become a major area of entrepreneurship and employment, an important subject of technological innovation, and an important source of national tax revenue. It is necessary to improve the legal environment to support the development of the private economy and foreign-invested enterprises, to improve the policy system for pro-qing government-business relations, to support the development system of small and medium-sized enterprises, and to promote the healthy development of the non-public ownership economy and the healthy growth of non-public ownership economy people. To create a market environment in which various ownership entities use resource elements on an equal basis, participate openly, fairly and fairly in competition, and are equally protected by law.

Third, deepen the reform of the rural collective property rights system, develop the rural collective economy, and improve the basic rural management system. The basic rural management system is the cornerstone of the party's rural policy and the institutional basis for rural revitalization. We must adhere to the collective ownership of rural land, adhere to the basic status of family operations, maintain a stable and permanent land contract relationship, and extend it for another 30 years after the second round of land contract expires. Improve the rural property rights system, improve the market-oriented allocation mechanism for rural factors, and realize the organic connection between small farmers and modern agricultural development. We will improve the policy of peasants ’idle homesteads and idle farmhouses, explore the" three-right separation "of homestead ownership, qualification rights, and use rights. Under the premise of protecting collective land ownership and farmer contracting rights in accordance with the law, protect land management rights on an equal basis and rationalize" "Three rights" relationship. We will further advance the reform of the rural collective property rights system, comprehensively carry out the verification of rural collective assets asset verification and verification of collective membership, and accelerate the reform of the collective operating asset joint stock system. Promote the transformation of resources into assets, funds into shares, farmers into shareholders, and explore new forms of implementation and operating mechanisms for the rural collective economy.

The key to adhering to and improving the common development of the public ownership as the mainstay and the diversified ownership economy lies in the implementation of "two unwavering", that is, unwavering consolidation and development of the public ownership economy, unwavering encouragement, support, and guidance for the development of the non-public ownership economy. Public-owned economy and non-public-owned economy are both important components of the socialist market economy, and are important foundations for China's economic and social development. Public economy and non-public economy are not mutually exclusive and offset each other, but complement each other and complement each other. Therefore, consolidating and developing the public-owned economy and encouraging, supporting, and guiding the development of the non-public-owned economy are not simply opposed, but organically unified. It is necessary to take the development of mixed ownership as a carrier, promote the complementation of state-owned and private capital, common development, and form a joint force to promote the continuous development and improvement of the basic socialist economic system.

(Author: Hu Yueming, deputy director of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

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