Editor's note: The socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system, grows in the soil of Chinese society, formed in the long-term practice of revolution, construction, and reform.It is rooted in the Chinese historical and cultural traditions and absorbs the beneficial results of human system civilization, which not only guarantees It not only miracles the rapid economic development and long-term social stability of our country, but also adds more colors, more paradigms, and more choices to the development of human society in which plural civilizations coexist. The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Adhering to and Perfecting the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and Governance Ability, adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party, summarizes and profoundly elaborates our country from 13 aspects The significant advantages of the system and the national governance system are tightly centered on "what to uphold and consolidate" and "what to perfect and develop", and put forward a series of new ideas, new views and new measures, and put forward the fundamental requirements for pushing forward the reform and opening up in the new era. It is the basic basis for our firm "four self-confidence". In order to thoroughly study and publicize the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC, the Central Cyberspace Office and Qiushi Magazine jointly organized the "China's Steady Progress" online theoretical communication column, and invited experts and scholars in the ideological and theoretical circles to write a series of theoretical articles. It is the 7th part of the website, so stay tuned.
新时代中国制度建设的实践发展呼唤构建中国特色的制度理论。 Summary of content: The practical development of China's institutional construction in the new era calls for the establishment of institutional theories with Chinese characteristics. The major theoretical contribution of the "Decision" adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee is that, based on summing up practical experience and absorbing past theoretical results, it has proposed a complete discourse system of the Chinese system, and the theory of the Chinese system System framework. The "Decision" fully demonstrated the theoretical maturity of the Communist Party of China, reflected the consciousness and self-confidence in the system, contained unique Chinese wisdom, and built a brand-new system of institutional theory.
The practice of the construction, reform, and development of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics has promoted the innovative development of Chinese institutional theory. The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Several Significant Issues in Upholding and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System and Governance Ability (hereinafter referred to as the "Decision") is a comprehensive summary of Chinese practice, generalization of Chinese experience, and interpretation of the Chinese system A very important document has a milestone significance in the process of socialist modernization with Chinese characteristics. The "Decision" gave a comprehensive and scientific explanation of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and reflected multiple theoretical innovations.
The practical basis of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics
The "Decision" for the first time comprehensively summarized and summarized the significant advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system, and for the first time comprehensively summarized and summarized the practical basis of the Chinese system. The Chinese system did not fall from the sky, but originated in the great practice of Chinese revolution, construction, and reform. China's system has gone from scratch, from being imperfect to being gradually perfected, and has experienced long and difficult explorations. The Chinese Communist Party leads the people unitedly, insists on combining the basic principles of Marxism with China's specific realities, profoundly summarizes the positive and negative experiences at home and abroad, continuously explores and practices, continuously reforms and innovates, establishes and perfects socialist systems, and forms and develops party leadership. And economic, political, cultural, social, ecological civilization, military, foreign affairs and other systems. In the new era, our party leads the people to co-ordinate the overall layout of the "Five in One", coordinate the advancement of the "Four Comprehensives" strategic layout, promote the improvement of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. Our party has led the people to create a miracle of rapid economic development and long-term social stability that is rare in the world, and the great practice that the Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, getting rich, to becoming stronger. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the country The governance system is a system and governance system that is guided by Marxism, is rooted in the Chinese earth, has a deep Chinese cultural foundation, and has won the support of the people. It is a system and governance system with strong vitality and great superiority. A system and governance system in which the 1.4 billion-strong country advances and develops, and ensures that the Chinese nation, with a history of more than 5,000 years of civilization, achieves the goal of "two hundred years" and thus achieves a great revival.
The rich connotation and internal structure of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics
The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a complete system. One of the highlights of the Decision is to explain the rich connotation and internal structure of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. It divides the state system into a basic system, a basic system, and an important system, and divides the content of the state system and the governance system into 13 aspects to explain. The national system and governance system include the party's leadership system, the people's ownership system, the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, the socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics, the basic socialist economic system, the socialist advanced cultural construction system, and the overall planning of urban and rural areas. Thirteen aspects, including the people's livelihood security system, the social governance system of co-construction and governance, the ecological civilization system, the party's absolute leadership of the people's army, the "one country, two systems" system, an independent and peaceful foreign policy, and the party and state supervision system . These thirteen aspects are not simply juxtaposed. The leadership system of the Communist Party of China is a fundamental and continuous system. It is the foundation of the national system and governance system. It runs through the other twelve aspects. The leadership of the Communist Party of China is reflected in the entire national system and governance system. Under construction or promotion. The "Decision" also emphasized "adhering to and improving the fundamental political system of the people's congress system" and "adhering to the fundamental system of Marxism's guiding position in the ideological field." Deep revealing of nature and law. These theories have important guiding significance for the construction of our national system and governance system.
Unique Chinese wisdom and brand-new institutional theory system
In the new era, the Communist Party of China continues to combine Marxist theory with China's reality. In the process of socialist modernization, it applies Marxist party theory, system theory, people's subject theory, and dialectical theory of social history, which profoundly reveals socialism with Chinese characteristics. The nature and development law of the system, and guidance of practice, have made great achievements. The "Decision" fully demonstrated the theoretical maturity of the Communist Party of China, reflected the consciousness and self-confidence in the system, contained unique Chinese wisdom, and built a brand-new system of institutional theory. The Chinese wisdom contained in the Chinese system is not only reflected in the application of theoretical thinking with Chinese characteristics to the exploration of institutional practice, but also in the construction of institutional theory.
For example, use Marxist party theory to guide the practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and creatively propose the "party leadership system" and its specific content in the combination of theory and practice, emphasizing the fundamental position of party leadership in the entire system construction And enriched the development of scientific socialist theory; for example, insisting that the people's subjective thoughts be embedded in the entire state system and governance system, through the close relationship between the party and the masses, the people's ownership system, and social governance In the system, it emphasizes the people's nature of the system, and clarifies the principles and values of the people for the sake of the people and the people.In addition, it adheres to the largest reality based on the basic national conditions of the primary stage of socialism and absorbs and draws on the institutional experience of contemporary world economic development. In the exploration and expression of the basic socialist economic system, it reflects the subjectivity of taking public ownership and the distribution system according to work as the main body, as well as the diversity, openness and inclusiveness of the co-development of multiple economic components and the coexistence of multiple distribution methods. . These system propositions reflect the integrity, complexity, regularity, and value of China's system construction, which not only reflects the particularity of China's social system construction, but also absorbs the beneficial experience and positive results of human system development.
The practical development of China's institutional construction in the new era calls for the establishment of institutional theories with Chinese characteristics. The major theoretical contribution of the "Decision" is that it proposes a complete discourse system of the Chinese system and the theoretical system framework of the Chinese system on the basis of summing up practical experience and absorbing past theoretical results. These discourse systems include a series of important landmark concepts, such as the basic system, basic system, important system, state system and social governance system, the party's leadership system, the people's master system, and the socialist basic economic system. and many more. The framework of China's institutional theory in the new era is fully reflected in the Decision. This theoretical system framework mainly includes: the practical basis, social functions, goals, tasks, and construction paths of the socialist state system and governance system with Chinese characteristics; the internal structure, development laws, institutional spirit, and value principles of the Chinese system; various aspects of the Chinese system The specific system and its specific content; the relationship between the establishment of the Chinese system and the modernization of the national governance system and capacity, and its important role in the process of socialist modernization, etc.
In short, the "Decision" explained the Chinese system from multiple angles, and reflected theoretical innovation in many aspects. It made a comprehensive and profound summary of the experience of building the Chinese system, and further adhered to and improved the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoted the country. The modernization of governance systems and capabilities provides scientific guidance.
(Author: Hao Lixin, a new era of Chinese Academy of socialist ideology Renmin University of China Xi Jinping characteristics researcher, Dean of School of Philosophy, Renmin University of China)