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[China moves forward steadily] Grasping the rich connotation of the party's leadership system

Editor's note: The socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system, grows in the soil of Chinese society, formed in the long-term practice of revolution, construction, and reform.It is rooted in the Chinese historical and cultural traditions and absorbs the beneficial results of human system civilization, which not only guarantees It not only miracles the rapid economic development and long-term social stability of our country, but also adds more colors, more paradigms, and more choices to the development of human society in which plural civilizations coexist. The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Adhering to and Perfecting the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and Governance Ability, adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party, summarizes and profoundly elaborates our country from 13 aspects The significant advantages of the system and the national governance system are tightly centered on "what to uphold and consolidate" and "what to perfect and develop", and put forward a series of new ideas, new views and new measures, and put forward the fundamental requirements for pushing forward the reform and opening up in the new era. It is the basic basis for our firm "four self-confidence". In order to thoroughly study and publicize the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC, the Central Cyberspace Office and Qiushi Magazine jointly organized the "China's Steady Progress" online theoretical communication column, and invited experts and scholars in the ideological and theoretical circles to write a series of theoretical articles. It is the 5th part of the website, so stay tuned.

Summary of content: Adhering to and perfecting the party's leadership system is the prerequisite and guarantee for adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and capacity. To grasp the evolution direction and law of China's national system and national governance system, we must give prominence to upholding and improving the party's leadership system. For the first time, the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee clearly put forward "adhering to and perfecting the party's leadership system, improving the level of scientific governance, democratic governance, and governing according to law", which profoundly revealed the rich connotation of the party's leadership system and captured the The key and fundamental of China's national governance demonstrates the self-confidence of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

The leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential characteristic of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and the party is the highest political leadership. Adhering to and improving the party's leadership system is the prerequisite and guarantee for adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and capacity.

The leadership position of the Communist Party of China in the country's life was established in the process of the new democratic revolution, and it was consolidated and improved in the historical process of socialist construction and reform and opening up. During the period of the new democratic revolution, the Communist Party of China established leadership over the Chinese revolution and obtained absolute leadership over the people's army. It led the people and fought with the people across the country, seized power, and created the People's Republic of China. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the leadership of the Communist Party of China has won the support of the broad masses of the people, and the Party's leadership in the country has been consolidated with the Constitution and laws, and the Party has gradually formed a system that leads the country in all aspects of life. Since the reform and opening up, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, our party's leadership in national life has been further consolidated, and according to the new situation and new requirements of social development, the party's leadership system has been enriched and improved.

The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Several Significant Issues in Upholding and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and the Governance Ability, adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China And law, highlighting adherence to and improvement of the party's leadership system, and for the first time explicitly proposed "adhering to and improving the party's leadership system and improving the level of scientific governance, democratic governance, and governance according to law", capturing the key to China's state governance and Fundamentally, it demonstrates the self-confidence of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

Establishing a system that does not forget the original intention and keep the mission in mind is an institutional guarantee for the CPC members to maintain their advanced nature in the new era. The original intention and mission of the party is to seek happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation. Maintaining the original intention and mission of the party determines the correct direction of the party's cause. It is also an important criterion for measuring the quality of our party. It is an eternal subject of our party building and a lifelong subject of all party members and cadres. To establish a system that does not forget the original intention and keep the mission in mind, the first is to establish and improve the system of all party members, cadres learning the party constitution, respecting the party constitution, and using Xi Jinping's socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era to arm the entire party, educate the people, and guide the work; the second is to establish tempering The long-term mechanism of cadre's political character cultivates and trains a team of cadres who are loyal, clean and brave. The purpose of establishing a system that does not forget the original intention and keep the mission in mind is mainly to improve the ability to govern in two aspects: that is, to improve the ability of the entire party to implement the party's basic theory, basic line, and basic strategy, and to promote the innovation of our party's theory, practice, and system. ability. Only in this way can all the work of our party conform to the trend of the times, conform to the law of development, reflect the wishes of the people, and ensure that the party always stays at the forefront of the times and receives the sincere support of the people.

We will improve the various systems that firmly maintain the authority of the Party Central Committee and centralized and unified leadership. This is the precious historical experience of the construction of our party's leadership system, and it is also the inevitable requirement for us to complete our new historical mission and meet various new challenges in the new era. The various systems for maintaining the authority of the party's central government and centralized and unified leadership are to establish the party's leadership in the country's political organization to the vertical. The first is to promote the entire party to strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidences" and achieve "two safeguards". Consciously ideologically and politically act with the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core and resolutely Maintaining the core of General Secretary Xi Jinping's Party Central Committee and the core status of the entire Party is in place. The second is to improve the leadership system of the Party Central Committee for major work, strengthen the function of the Party Central Committee's decision-making and coordinating mechanism, improve the implementation mechanism of the Party Central Committee's major decisions, strictly implement the reporting system to the Party Central Committee, and ensure that orders are prohibited. The third is to improve the party's centralized and unified organizational system, to form a tight and tightly enforced system of the party's central, local, and grass-roots organizations, and to achieve full coverage of party organization and party work. These systems are our party's fine traditions and disciplinary requirements, as well as the organizational guarantee of our party's cohesion and combat effectiveness. "Subordinates obey their superiors, and the entire party obeys the central authorities." Only then can the party's leadership be vertical and strong.

Strengthening the party's comprehensive leadership system is a profound understanding that our party has always grasped based on the laws governing the Communist Party and the rules of socialist construction. It is also the new era that our party has achieved the goal of "two hundred years" and completed the comprehensive realization of socialist modernization. And the inherent requirements of managing the historical mission of modernization. The party's comprehensive leadership system mainly has three meanings. The first is that the party's leadership system is horizontally, laterally, and fully covered in all party and state institutions. Including the improvement of the Party Leadership, the Government, the CPPCC, the supervisory organs, the judicial organs, the procuratorial organs, the armed forces, people's organizations, enterprises and institutions, grassroots mass organizations, and social organizations. The second is to improve the specific system of the party's leadership and implement the party's leadership system into the overall promotion of the "five-in-one" overall layout and the coordinated advancement of the "four comprehensive" strategic layout. The third is to improve the functional system of the party and state institutions, and implement the party's leadership throughout the entire process of the party and state institutions performing their duties.

To improve the systems governing the people and relying on the people is to use the system to fix the party's purpose and to institutionalize the party's purpose to serve the people wholeheartedly. The Communist Party of China is a tool for the people to realize their own interests in a specific historical period. Except for the interests of the people, the Party itself has no special interests. The greatest danger to the party comes from detachment from the masses. To improve the systems governing and relying on the people, the most important thing is to institutionalize the fine tradition of our party's close ties with the masses, to consolidate the class foundation of our party's governance, to build a solid mass foundation, and to implement the party's mass line. In all the work of administering the country and governing the country, through perfecting the system to ensure the people's dominant position in the governance of the country, we strive to prevent the danger of detachment from the masses. The mass line is the lifeline of the party. Doing well the mass work is also the party's basic work. It is necessary to improve the system for party members and cadres to contact the masses, and to take the interests of the people as the starting point and end point when formulating policies and making decisions. Innovate the working mechanism of the masses in the Internet era, especially the institutionalization, long-term, and long-term effect of the new methods and new mechanisms for contacting the masses formed since the 18th CPC National Congress. We will improve the group work system so that the masses connected by the people's organizations are closely united around the party. In this way, our party can always do it for the masses, believe in the masses, rely on the masses, lead the masses, go deep into the masses, and into the grassroots.

Improving the party's governing ability and leadership level system has been a very important part of our party's construction since it came to power. Especially since the reform and opening up, we have introduced a number of institutional regulations around improving our party's governing ability and leadership level. To improve the system of improving the party's governing ability and leadership level, we must first adhere to democratic centralism, improve and develop democracy within the party. Democratic centralism is the fundamental organizational system and leadership system of our party. Intra-party democracy is the life of the party and the concentrated embodiment of the superiority of our party system. Democracy is the basis of concentration. Only with the right democracy can there be correct concentration. Correct concentration is the fundamental guarantee for our party's ability to improve direction, plan the overall situation, set policies, and promote reform. The second is to improve the decision-making mechanism. Investigation and research is the creative use of our party's mass line in the decision-making process. We must strengthen the investigation and research before, during and after decision-making, give full play to our party's excellent tradition of doing research, enrich the content and methods of investigation and research, and strengthen major Investigation and research of decision-making, scientific demonstration, risk assessment, and strengthening of decision-making execution, evaluation, and supervision. The third is to improve the party's leadership and governing methods, and to strengthen the political functions and organizational capabilities of party organizations at all levels in accordance with the new changes and new requirements of social development in the new era. The last is to improve the incentive mechanism to act as the leader and strengthen the various abilities of leading cadres at all levels. Leading cadres who have the courage to take on the courage to act must strengthen their learning skills, political leadership skills, reform and innovation skills, scientific development skills, governing skills according to law, working skills of the masses, earnestly implement their skills, manage their risks, develop the spirit of struggle, and strengthen their skills. Only by improving the system's implementation and governance capabilities of leading cadres can we effectively improve our party's ability to govern the country.

Improving the comprehensive and strict administration of the party system, the party must manage the party, and comprehensively and strictly govern the party, is the precious historical experience and strong practical needs of our party building. After the 18th CPC National Congress, our party has adopted many new measures to strictly govern the party, and has achieved significant results and achieved a series of institutional results. The first is to establish and improve the party's political construction as the command, comprehensively promote all aspects of the party's construction of the system and mechanism, and constantly improve the party's system in political construction, ideological construction, organizational construction, work style construction, discipline construction, and system construction. Integrity and coordination, and improve the quality of strict and strict party management. The second is to improve the system of party management and selection of talents, continuously improve the leadership role of party organizations in the selection of cadres, adhere to the standards for the selection of cadres in the new era, and identify and use those who are loyal and clean. The third is to standardize the political life within the party, strictly define political discipline and political rules, develop a positive and healthy political culture within the party, and comprehensively purify the political ecology within the party. After the 18th National Congress of the Party, our party has promulgated laws and regulations that regulate the political life of the party, such as "Several Guidelines on Political Life of the Party in the New Situation," and put forward a series of regulations and requirements for political life and political construction within the party. It will inevitably promote the development of a healthy inner-party political culture. The fourth is to improve and implement a comprehensive and strict party responsibility system. The "Accountability Regulations of the Communist Party of China" revised this year has clearly stipulated the main responsibility, supervision responsibility, and leadership responsibility for the strict and strict administration of the party. Strict implementation of these regulations is a guarantee to strengthen the strict and strict administration of the party. Fifth, vigorously correct formalism and bureaucracy, and resolutely fight all issues that affect the party's advanced nature and weaken the party's purity.

The vitality of the system lies in its implementation. Only by adhering to and perfecting the party's leadership system and comprehensively improving the party's cadres' system execution and governance capabilities, can the party's scientific governance, democratic governance, and lawful governance be effectively improved.

(Author: Tian Wei change, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences researcher at the Institute of Political Science)


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