How will the "Livelihood Checklist" be implemented in 2019? Central ministries submit "transcripts"
- Published: December 31, 2019
- Source: Xinhuanet
Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 29th, Question: How about the implementation of the "Livelihood Checklist" in 2019? Central ministries submit "transcripts"
Xinhua News Agency Xinhua Perspective
At the beginning of 2019, various ministries and commissions of the central government have issued a "list of people's livelihoods" in response to the concerns of the people. How are these commitments implemented by the end of 2019? "Xinhua Viewpoint" reporters tracked the interview.
[Poverty Alleviation] Reduce the number of people living in poverty by more than 10 million, and lift off poverty in about 340 poor counties
Commitment: In 2019, we will ensure that the rural poor population will be reduced by about 10 million, and about 300 poverty-stricken counties will be removed, and the planning and construction tasks of poverty alleviation and relocation during the “13th Five-Year Plan” will be basically completed.
Tracking: The reporter learned from the State Council's Poverty Alleviation Office that it is expected that the number of poor people will be reduced by more than 10 million in 2019, and about 340 poor counties will be lifted out of poverty. The task of poverty alleviation and relocation in ex-situ areas has been basically completed.
Significant progress has been made in poverty alleviation in deeply impoverished areas. The number of poor people in the “three districts and three states” has been reduced from 1.72 million in 2018 to 430,000 by the end of this year, and the incidence of poverty has dropped from 8.2% to 2%. "Two worry-free and three guarantees" prominently solved the outstanding problems.
[Employment] The employment situation is generally stable, and it is expected that new employment in cities and towns will exceed 13 million people for 7 consecutive years.
Commitment: The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security stated that it is necessary to continue to improve and implement policies and measures to stabilize employment.
Tracking: Over the past year, China ’s employment situation has remained generally stable: from January to November, a total of 12.79 million new jobs were created in cities and towns across the country. It is estimated that the total number of new jobs in cities and towns will exceed 13 million for seven consecutive years. Unemployment rates are below control targets.
The current employment level of college graduates in 2019 is basically the same as in previous years. As of the end of November, 1.64 million people with employment difficulties had achieved employment, and the annual target of 1.3 million people had been completed.
[Environmental protection] The iron and steel industry is gradually promoting ultra-low emission transformation, and the Yangtze River has launched a battle to protect and repair
Commitment: The Ministry of Ecology and Environment requires that the battle for the defense of the blue sky be resolutely won, the battle for the defense of the clear waters be fully carried out, and the battle for the defense of the pure land be solidly promoted.
Tracking: In order to protect the blue sky, the total number of clean heating renovations in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and its surrounding areas and the Fenwei Plain area is about 7 million households; the "Opinions on Promoting the Implementation of Ultra-Low Emissions in the Iron and Steel Industry" was issued, and the steel industry is currently the largest source of pollutant emissions from steel. The industry has gradually promoted ultra-low emission transformation.
The Yangtze River protection and restoration battle has been steadily advancing. This year, 3,626 environmental problems in 20 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps' county-level and above water sources need to be cleaned up and rectified. By mid-October this year, 3,515 rectifications have been completed, with a completion rate of 97%.
[Social security] Social security card holders exceed 1.3 billion, 10 provinces raise basic pension levels
Commitment: Full implementation of the national insurance plan in 2019 to steadily improve the level of social security benefits.
Tracking: The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security stated that the long-term mechanism of “insurance first, and then construction” has been continuously improved. Twenty-three provinces across the country and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps have issued policy documents on the determination of pension insurance benefits for urban and rural residents and the normal adjustment of basic pension standards. Ten provinces have increased the level of basic pensions.
On September 15, the portal of the National Social Insurance Public Service Platform was officially launched. Up to now, the number of social security card holders nationwide has exceeded 1.3 billion, covering more than 93% of the population, and more than 80 million electronic social security cards have been issued. As of the end of October, the poverty-stricken people who had set up a file to participate in the basic endowment insurance accounted for 59.77 million people, which was basically guaranteed.
[Endowment] Launched a special action for inclusive pension city-enterprise linkage, and invested 1.4 billion yuan in the central budget to attract all parties to participate
Commitment: The Ministry of Civil Affairs will continue to carry out special actions for the construction of nursing home service quality to promote the improvement of quality and efficiency of old-age care services. The National Development and Reform Commission stated that it will introduce policies and measures to vigorously develop elderly care services.
Follow-up: In September 2019, the Ministry of Civil Affairs clearly required that by the end of 2022, each county (city, district) should ensure that at least one county-level provisional service facility (care home for the elderly) is provided with professional care for disabled and partially disabled people. ).
Earlier this year, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, and the National Health and Health Commission launched a special action for the inclusive pension city-enterprise linkage, which mainly addresses the elderly people in the city, especially the low- and middle-income elderly who are disabled. "Can't buy, can't afford, buy poor, buy uneasy" problems. Through investment support in the central budget, attract the participation of city governments and corporate resources, and expand the supply of inclusive pension services. In 2019, a budget of 1.4 billion yuan was invested in the central budget, and 70,000 new nursing beds were added, attracting 119 projects from 64 cities.
[Education] 20 measures have been introduced to reduce the burden on primary and secondary school teachers, and more than 10,000 kindergartens have been rectified
Commitment: In 2019, the Ministry of Education will introduce a policy to reduce the burden on teachers in primary and secondary schools. In order to solve the "difficulty of entering the park", the General Office of the State Council requires all districts and counties as the unit to complete a comprehensive investigation of the situation of supporting kindergartens in urban communities and carry out rectification before the end of April 2019.
Follow-up: At the end of 2019, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued "Several Opinions on Reducing the Burden of Teachers in Primary and Secondary Schools to Further Create a Good Environment for Education and Teaching". The document proposes 20 pragmatic measures from the aspects of coordinating and standardizing supervision, inspection and evaluation, social affairs entering the campus, streamlining related report filling work, and selecting and borrowing teachers in primary and middle schools, etc., to reduce unnecessary interference to primary and secondary schools and teachers, and to return tranquility to peace. Give the school back the time.
According to the Ministry of Education, the number of kindergartens in urban communities is basically figured out. As of November, there were 11,400 rectification tasks.
[Medical] Further integration of county-level medical and health resources, introduction of 15 reforms involving drugs
Commitment: To solve the "difficult to see a doctor" from four aspects: promoting the construction of medical consortia, strengthening the construction of county-level hospitals, developing telemedicine, and implementing family doctor contracting services. Efforts will be made to crack down on "expensive medical treatment" from four aspects: improving the drug policy, improving the national essential drug system, strengthening the management of public hospitals, and cooperating with the reform of medical insurance payment methods.
Follow-up: In 2019, the National Health Commission identified Shanxi and Zhejiang as pilot provinces for the construction of close county medical and health communities, and 567 counties such as Xicheng District of Beijing as pilot counties to further integrate county medical and health resources.
Promote the production and supply of medicines such as clofazimine, cytarabine, and nitroglycerin by accelerating approval, resuming or expanding production, and promoting the docking of raw materials for preparations. At the same time, further improve the direct reporting system for shortage of drug information, and initially form a national Provincial, prefecture-level and county-level monitoring and response systems.
In addition, the National Health and Medical Commission further deepened the reform of the medical and health system with the centralized procurement and use of medicines as a breakthrough, and proposed 15 reform measures from four aspects: medicine, medical care, medical insurance reform, and industry supervision.
[Housing] The real estate is generally running smoothly, and the shantytown reconstruction task has been exceeded.
Commitment: The central task of speeding up the housing difficulties of low- and middle-income groups is to improve the urban housing security system. Increasing the effective supply of public rental housing, and developing housing with common property rights based on local conditions.
Tracking: In 2019, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development steadily implemented a long-term mechanism for stable and healthy development of the real estate market, implemented the urban main responsibility system, and steadily pushed forward the "one city, one policy" pilot. The real estate as a whole remained stable, achieving stable land prices and stability. Housing prices and stable expectations.
As of the end of November, 3.15 million sets of shantytown reconstruction have been started, and the target task of 2.89 million sets has been exceeded. In terms of regulating the development of public rental housing, in conjunction with relevant departments, notices were issued and 71 large and medium-sized cities declared 80,000 units.
[Rural settlements] 90% of villages nationwide carry out cleaning operations, and the penetration rate of sanitary toilets reaches 60%
Commitment: Eight ministries and commissions jointly deploy to promote the rural "toilet revolution". The Ministry of Water Resources proposes that by the end of 2019, the country's rural centralized water supply rate will reach 86% and the tap water penetration rate will reach 82%.
Follow-up: The person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs stated that according to preliminary statistics, 90% of villages across the country have carried out cleaning operations, the penetration rate of sanitary toilets has reached 60%, and the household waste collection and disposal system has covered 84% of administrative villages.
The reporter learned from the Ministry of Water Resources that from January to November 2019, the country completed a total investment of 49.81 billion yuan in rural drinking water safety consolidation and improvement projects, of which 12.17 billion yuan was allocated by the central government to consolidate and improve 52.8 million beneficiaries, and resolved 960,000 construction projects. Po Lika drinking water safety issues for the poor. At present, China has built a relatively complete rural water supply system, with a centralized water supply rate of 86% in rural areas and a tap water penetration rate of 81%.
[Consumption] Brand chain convenience stores opened more than 14,000 stores and more than 18,000 new end-of-city distribution outlets
Commitment: In-depth implementation of the consumption upgrade action plan to further unlock consumption potential.
Tracking: In 2019, the Ministry of Commerce promotes the upgrading and upgrading of pedestrian streets, creating a carrier for consumption upgrades; developing brand convenience stores, and promoting convenience for urban residents. From January to November, key monitoring brand convenience store companies have entered more than 70 prefecture-level cities and opened more than 14,000 stores.
In the past year, the Ministry of Commerce has promoted the construction of an efficient urban-rural distribution system. The special action focused on promoting more than 18,000 new end-of-city distribution outlets in the city, a year-on-year increase of 9.3%. The in-depth implementation of the Chinese old-time protection and development project, and the promotion of large-scale e-commerce platforms to establish old-time zones; Contact the enterprise system to strengthen the transformation and innovation guidance for the retail industry; cooperate with the Ministry of Finance to improve the management of export duty-free shops at ports, and increase the number of Hainan outlying duty-free shops.
[Network communication] Network speed-up and fee reduction have been fully completed, and the nationwide "number-transferring to the network"
Commitment: The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology stated that this year the average tariff for mobile network traffic will be reduced by more than 20%, and the average tariff for SMEs' broadband will be reduced by another 15%.
Tracking: The goals of the government work report on speeding up and reducing fees on the Internet have been fully completed. Promote basic telecommunications companies to reduce SME broadband and leased line tariffs, and launch a "floor price" tariff plan for low-income and senior citizens across the country, and provide the largest discounts to poor households who set up a file and reduce the roaming charges for Hong Kong and Macao traffic. Fees have significantly reduced the average tariff for mobile network traffic. On November 27, the “Number Transfer with Network” service was officially provided nationwide.
[Transportation] Newly rebuilt 290,000 kilometers of rural roads, and multi-city transportation cards are interconnected
Commitment: In 2019, the Ministry of Transport will newly rebuild 200,000 kilometers of rural roads, and by the end of the year, it will complete the construction of remaining hardened roads in the towns and formed villages that have the necessary conditions; achieve full coverage of mobile payment for mobile phones on highway toll lanes; and 260 places across the country All-in-one city transportation cards are interconnected, of which 20 cities at or above the prefecture level have implemented transportation card mobile payment applications.
Tracking: As of now, all 12 targets and tasks that are closer to people ’s livelihoods announced by the Ministry of Transport in 2019 have been completed. Among them, 290,000 kilometers of rural roads were newly rebuilt nationwide, exceeding the established target; the townships and formed villages with qualified conditions could be achieved ahead of schedule. To achieve 275 cities at the prefecture level and above, and 448 county-level cities, the one-card-to-card connectivity is far beyond the goal of covering 260 cities. Achieve full coverage of mobile payment on mobile highway toll lanes.
[Food Safety] Investigated and handled more than 246,000 illegal and illegal cases, and built a market monitoring big data platform in many places
Commitment: To solve food safety problems with real swords and make sure to achieve significant results that can be tested, judged and perceived.
Tracking: The reporter learned from the market supervision department that more than 246,000 cases of violations of laws and regulations were investigated and dealt with throughout the country, and 2604 households were ordered to suspend production and business operations. Public security organs arrested 17,000 suspects. 269,000 batches of national food safety supervision and random inspection tasks were completed, and 6,213 batches of substandard products were disposed of. The food safety self-inspection report rate of infant formula milk powder production enterprises reached 100%. At the same time, the top-level design has been further improved, and the infant formula milk powder traceability platform has achieved initial results, and many places have established market supervision big data smart supervision platforms. (Reporters: Wang Youling, Hou Xuejing, Gao Jing, Hu Hao, Chen Cong, Luo Zhengguang, Ambe, Yu Wenjing, Hu Lu, Wang Yuxiao, Gao Kang, Wei Yukun, Zhao Wenjun, Yu Junjie)