Interview with He Yongjun, Deputy Director of the Municipal Ecological Environment Bureau

Moderator: Hello everyone, welcome to the interview program. The guest invited to our program today is He Yongjun, deputy director of the Tianmen City Ecological Environment Bureau.

The overall quality of the atmospheric environment in the province has fallen sharply this year. According to the state's basic requirement that environmental quality can only be improved, not deteriorated, the situation of achieving ambient air quality standards is very grim. At the same time, the 7th Military Games was held in Wuhan from October 18th to 27th, 2019, and the requirements for the quality of the atmospheric environment were very high. All these require us to step up efforts to prevent and control air pollution, so we will take this opportunity to talk to you about air pollution control.

Moderator: At present, the public is very concerned about the atmospheric environment. What are the indicators for environmental air quality evaluation?

Guests: At present, there are six main indicators of national air quality, namely PM10, PM2.5, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and ozone. The assessment method is a single factor assessment, that is, the six indicators are compared with their respective standards. As long as one of the indicators reaches mild or moderate pollution, the air quality is considered to be mildly polluted or moderately polluted weather. For Tianmen, the three indicators of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide have been excellent and very stable, so we are now focusing on the three indicators of PM10, PM2.5 and ozone.

Moderator: The "defense of the blue sky" is an important content of the battle against pollution. What is the target task of our city on the "defense of the blue sky"?

只能变好,不能变坏 ,根据这一要求,省里给我市 2019 年下达的目标任务是: 2019 年全市空气质量继续保持稳中趋好, 2019 PM10 年均浓度控制在 72 微克 / 立方米以内, PM2.5 年均浓度控制在 42 微克 / 立方米以内,空气质量优良天数比例达到 76.3% Guest: The country's basic requirement for environmental protection is that the environmental quality " can only get better and not worse " . According to this requirement, the target task assigned by the province to our city in 2019 is: The air quality of the city in 2019 will remain stable For the better, the average annual concentration of PM10 in 2019 will be controlled within 72 micrograms per cubic meter, and the average annual concentration of PM2.5 will be controlled within 42 micrograms per cubic meter . The proportion of days with good air quality will reach 76.3% .

Moderator: What control measures have we taken to address the target task?

Guests: It is very difficult to complete the target tasks this year.We have mainly adopted the following prevention measures:

The first is to establish and improve emission inventories of pollution sources and improve supervision capabilities. Rely on the second national survey of pollution sources to establish an inventory of air pollution sources. 20 个自动微站。 A special fund of more than 7 million yuan has been implemented to build special facilities for monitoring atmospheric environmental quality, including two sets of motor vehicle remote sensing monitoring equipment, a mobile monitoring vehicle, and 20 automatic micro-stations. Hire a third-party organization to carry out atmospheric inspections on an uninterrupted basis, and timely discover and supervise and deal with various types of pollution. Publicly report the telephone number and email address to the public, implement two new measures to report air pollution awards, and establish a mechanism for reporting air pollution.

The second is to carry out industrial pollution control. 煤改气 煤改电 工程,安装除尘设施。 Carry out special actions for industrial furnace kiln governance, urge industrial furnaces to implement " coal to gas " , " coal to electricity " projects, and install dust removal facilities. 40 家重点治理企业,目前已收到整改报告 36 份,已完成整改 20 家,其他正在整改中。 We carried out comprehensive management of volatile organic compounds, identified 40 key companies for management, and have now received 36 rectification reports , and 20 rectification reports have been completed . Others are in the process of rectification. 散乱污 综合整治。 Strengthen the management and control of industrial enterprises' unorganized emissions, and strengthen the comprehensive management of " scattered pollution " . 散乱污 企业实施分类处置。 Classified disposal of verified " scattered pollution " enterprises. 两断三清 ;整合搬迁类限期迁移至合规工业园区实施升级改造;升级改造类实施清洁生产技术改造,全面提升污染治理水平。 Stop production and shut down basically achieve " two breaks and three cleansing " ; integrate relocation to migrate to a compliant industrial park for a period of time to implement upgrades; upgrades to implement clean production technology reforms to comprehensively improve pollution control. Industrial production enterprises shall adopt measures such as containment, containment, covering, cleaning, and watering to reduce the discharge of dust and gaseous pollutants from the internal storage, transportation, loading and unloading of internal materials.

The third is to strengthen dust control. Vigorously rectify road dust pollution, carry out full coverage of urban areas, and normalize spray dust suppression operations. Increase the frequency of watering on the main and secondary roads to minimize dust pollution. Strengthen the management of gravel transportation vehicles, and overloaded and uncovered materials are not allowed on the road. Strengthen construction dust control. 六个百分之百 All types of construction sites must be " six hundred percent " of construction site perimeter enclosures, material stacking and covering, earthwork excavation and wet operation, road hardening, cleaning of access vehicles, and closed transportation of debris vehicles .

The fourth is to strengthen the prevention and control of restaurant fume pollution. Vigorously promote the use of clean energy such as pipeline gas, natural gas and electricity. 2019 年底,全市建成区范围内公共机构食堂、 3 个灶头以上的饮食服务经营场所须安装油烟净化设施。 By the end of 2019 , oil fume purification facilities must be installed in the canteens of public institutions within the city's built-up area, and catering service operating places with more than 3 stoves. Open-air barbecues are prohibited within the no-fire zone.

The fifth is to strengthen the prevention and control of motor vehicle pollution. Accelerate the obsolescence and in-depth management of old vehicles, formulate early update targets and implementation plans for the operation of diesel trucks and gas vehicles, and gradually phase out the operation of diesel trucks with national third and lower emission standards. Promote the use of gas vehicles that meet the national six emission standards. 2019 年底前在城区主要出入口建设两套固定式机动车尾气遥感监测设施,制定相应管理办法并实施。 Strengthen the management of motor vehicle exhaust gas detection institutions, and construct two sets of fixed motor vehicle exhaust gas remote sensing monitoring facilities at the main entrances and exits of urban areas by the end of 2019 , formulate corresponding management measures and implement them. Actively promote the upgrade of fuel oil products. 1 1 日起,全市全面供应符合国六标准的车用汽柴油。 From January 1 , 2019 , the city's comprehensive supply of gasoline and diesel for vehicles that meet the national VI standards. 三油并轨 Stop selling petrol and diesel fuels lower than the National Six standard, and realize the " three-oil integration " of automotive diesel oil, ordinary diesel oil, and some marine oil . Actively carry out oil and gas recovery at gas stations and ensure the stable operation of recovery facilities.

Sixth, pay close attention to the ban on straw burning. 30% 以上。 Further establish and improve the municipal, town, and village three-level straw incineration supervision responsibility system, severely crack down on straw peak burning behavior, continue to increase assessment and accountability, and ensure that the straw incineration intensity in administrative areas has been reduced by more than 30% over the previous year . It is prohibited to burn leaves and household garbage in the open air.

蓝天保卫战 中我市存在哪些主要问题?如何解决? Moderator: What are the main problems of our city in the " defense of the blue sky " ? How to solve them?

Guests: There are three main problems in the air pollution prevention work in our city. The first is the lack of supervision and management. The main manifestations are that the management and management methods are relatively single, the technology cannot keep pace with the times, and there is no effective emergency monitoring capability, which leads to weak performance in the treatment of pollution disputes and pollution accidents, and the decisions made are not standardized and scientific . Second, the implementation of motor vehicle exhaust pollution prevention has been delayed, and motor vehicle exhaust emissions have not been effectively controlled. Third, some enterprises have not paid enough attention to the prevention and control of air pollution, and their investment has been insufficient. In particular, the progress of volatile organic compounds has been slow.

In response to the above problems, we will take corresponding measures in the next step. First, we will vigorously improve our regulatory capabilities, such as planning to establish an air pollution prevention and control center, building an automatic air monitoring station, building a motor vehicle exhaust remote sensing monitoring device, and conducting third-party inspections. The second is to increase the control of motor vehicle exhaust pollution, such as carrying out special rectification of diesel trucks, upgrading and upgrading of motor vehicle exhaust testing agencies, and carrying out non-road mobile machinery registration management. The third is to strengthen law enforcement, resolutely crack down on all types of atmospheric violations, and find out that they will be investigated and dealt with together.

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