Zaoshi Town is located in the northeast of Tianmen City, Hubei Province, and borders with the three cities (counties) of Yingcheng, Jingshan and Hanchuan. It is a cultural town with a history of more than 3,000 years, and has a unique geographical advantage.
Zaoshi has a long cultural history. The ancient country is wind. According to legend, after Huangdi saw the beautiful wind here, he built the capital here and called the wind country. "Daming Yitongzhi" contains: "There is Fuxi Temple on Wuhua Mountain in Zaoshi City. It is said that Fuxi was sealed here afterwards, and there is the ancient city of the ancient style country". In the 9th year of Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty, Liyang Prefecture was lowered to Liyang Prefecture, and Zaoshi City set up a post, which was called Zaojiapu, Zaojia City, Zaojia Town, and Jiaoling Town. The Qing Dynasty is also known as Zaojia Shipu, referred to as Zaoshi, belonging to the ten regiments of Guanli. To date, the ruins of Fengcheng remain on Wuhua Mountain. Yin Xiuxuan, the former residence of the founder of the Lingming School of Literature at the foot of the south of the mountain, there is Yin Xiuxuan. In the south of the town, there is the castle of the slave society—the ruins of Xiaocheng, and in the north of the town there are the ancient tombs of Zhaojialing and Longwangling.
Zaoshi has a glorious revolutionary tradition. In the winter of 1930, He Long and Duan Dechang led the troops to overcome the city of Zao, obtained the victory of Wendun, established the Soviet regime; in December 1937, the party comrade Tao Zhu established a "books and newspapers cooperative" in Zao City, and organized a training course for cadres. On December 21, 1992, Jiang Zemin, the General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, inspected the soap city and added a glorious page to it.
There are many talents in Zaoshi. In the second year of Long Qing in the Ming Dynasty, he was a scholar, and Li Weizheng, a scholar of the Ministry of Rites, wrote a strong book, and authored "Tai Bi Shan Fang Ji" and other books. In the Qing Dynasty, Jianwei General Yang Zhengsheng, in the Kangxi reign, commanded an expedition, calmed down Taiwan, and made war. In modern history, there have been many outstanding children in Zaoshi who sacrificed for the revolution. Today, there are film writer and writer Chen Lide, tenor singer and professor Jin Zhongming, young female writer and poet Hu Hong, Wang Guangming, senior official of the FAO Conference Documents Office, nuclear physicist Yang Deli studying in the United States, professor of microbiology Kong Lingxiong, Shanghai Academy of Fine Arts painter and calligrapher Zhao Qiansen and many other outstanding figures.
The Bailong Temple was built by Xiao Ziliang, the second son of Emperor Xiao of the Southern Qi Emperor Xiaoling, and was rebuilt by the Emperor Chi Gong of the Tang Dynasty. It was rebuilt in the Ming Dynasty and the palace was added in the Qing Dynasty. The temple has a magnificent architecture and huge scale. In 2013, it was rated as a national key cultural relics protection unit by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage. The pavilion and pavilion of the palace overlapped each other, and there was a depiction of "Dongying Dome Supporting Xiaohan and Danbi Brilliantly Sun and Moon". Ming Dynasty writer Li Yiyou has a poem saying: "The Bailong Temple leans on Wuhua Mountain, the Changting embraces the Chuguan Pass underneath the temple, the upper circle of Tengluo lowers the sun and the moon, and the twilight bellows send him." After disrepair. When the Japanese army invaded the soap city, they used two cars to tie the iron chains to pull the pillars in an attempt to collapse the Bailong Temple, but failed. Since 1973, the Cultural Department of Hubei Province has made four grants to repair Bailong Temple. After restoration, the main hall and the front hall are wide and deep, each of which has a double-eaves mountain top style. There are 28 pillars in the hall, and the four pillars in the middle of the hall reach 1.89 meters. The whole building is full of ethnic style. In the temple, there are five stone inscriptions since the Ming and Qing dynasties. Especially the "Forbidden Monument in Fengdao County" carved by Ming Chongzhen was the most precious. On December 30, 1981, the People's Government of Hubei Province announced Bailong Temple as the second batch of cultural relics protection units in the province.