Zhanggang Town is located in the southwestern suburb of Tianmen City, the left bank of the lower Hanjiang River, and the northern border of the Jianghan Plain. Nantong Hurong Expressway, Qianyang Highway in the west, Niuzhang Highway in the east, and Jianghan flow through Zhanggang. It is 37 kilometers from Tianmen City in the east, 15 kilometers from Qianjiang City in the south, 30 kilometers from Shayang County to the west, and 45 kilometers from Jingshan County to the north. It is a "National One Village One Product (Cauliflower) Demonstration Township", "National Greening Advanced Township", "Provincial Characteristic Industrial Town" and won the "National Green Food" Certificate. The Ministry of Agriculture implements the registration and protection of national agricultural geographical indications for "Zhangang Cauliflower". "Zhangang Cauliflower" is the first agricultural product in Tianmen City to be protected by registration of a geographical indication.
Zhanggang Cauliflower Base
According to legend, Dayu ruled the water and built the Lufu Pagoda here to lock the Three Rivers, hence the name. During the Southern Song Dynasty, Jin Wushu soldiers committed crimes in Xiangnan, and Yue Jun's famous general Zhang Jun once led his soldiers to intercept the Jin soldiers. Later generations commemorated the table, so the place was renamed "Zhang Cegang". In the early Ming Dynasty, a market town was formed, commonly known as Zhanggang. The period of the Republic of China and the liberation period was the sixth district of Qianjiang County. In July 1955, Zhanggang, north of the Hanjiang River in Qianjiang County, belonged to Tianmen County, and Zhanggang District was established. In 1956, it was renamed Zhuchang Production Guidance Group. In 1957, it was renamed Zhanggang District. In 1984, the community was removed to set up a town. In 1987, the former Zhanggang Town, Luoxiang Township, Zhuchang Township, and Xinqiao Township formed a town under the jurisdiction of the city.
Burning tea Zhangmen in Tianmen City love to drink tea , and children in Zhanggang will burn tea. It's hot, and what adults often tell their children to do is: "No more tea, cook hot pot tea." So, the children cleaned the big iron wok for cooking, covered it with a pot of water, and covered it with a lid. Burned with firewood. Because adults have explained: you can't use a small fire for burning tea, otherwise, the tea will have a smell of smoke and it will not taste good. When the water in the pot burns until the small bubbles become large bubbles and roll up and down, grab a large piece of tea from the bamboo basket containing the tea, sprinkle it into the pot, cover it, and it's done.
Usually, after the tea is cooked, it is poured into a teapot made of loess, which Zhanggang people call a "loess pot". This is an essential tea set for Zhanggang farmers. Which one doesn't have two or three teapots? Which one doesn't have a fixed tea table? This kind of teapot can hold about ten pounds for a large teapot, and two or three pounds for a small teapot. Because it is made of loess, it is rougher than porcelain, cheaper, and durable. It is very suitable for farmers to drink tea in large bowls. The tea in it is pure and cool, which is in line with the habit of drinking iced tea from Zhanggang people. In the summer, the adults came back from the field to work, and shouted, "Come in a bowl of tea!" The children quickly brought a bowl of large leaf tea and handed a large fan. Adults "gulugulu" drink tea, "hulahula" fan. That way, like Tieguai Li who takes the fan in the Eight Immortals, it is particularly comfortable.
This kind of large leaf tea is indispensable to farmers in the four seasons, especially in summer. Zhang Gang people often say, "Drink a bowl of tea, take a break." This is exactly the reason that big leaf tea relieves thirst, relieves heat and relieves fatigue.
Zhang Gang people like to drink tea, Zhang Hong people prefer to eat tea. There are dry tea and wet tea. The so-called dry tea is Zhang Gang's unique hemp leaves, dumplings, lotus leaves and Beijing fruit, and sometimes fried peanuts, sweets and the like. These snacks and sweets are served on the table by the owner with exquisite plates, for guests to taste. Eating dry tea is usually around the Spring Festival. When the guests come, before the time for lunch, the guests and guests are around the table, surrounded by adults and children, many people, and no etiquette. They are more free. While eating snacks, everyone described homely, harmonious and happy, adding a festive and joyful atmosphere to the show. Eat dry tea, taste the owner's snacks, and exchange the feelings of relatives and friends.
Zhang Gang's wet tea is a lunch after eating dry tea. At the luncheon, the host will put home-made stewed dishes. A table lunch, ten dishes of stewed vegetables, a plate of steamed buns (a pillow-shaped steamed bun steamed by a large steamer in a large steamer, and cut into slices with a knife when entertaining guests), and steamed rice, special etiquette The owner will also prepare Neem (a stuffed cookie with a mold). Eat wet tea, taste the flavor of the host's stew, and feel the hospitality of the host.
Zhang Gang's dry tea and wet tea are not actually tea. The reason why Zhang Gang people call it tea is to take the meaning of "tea" lightly and thinly.
Qumi tea The most distinctive and culturally rich tea in Zhanggang is the Qumi tea. Said that it has characteristics, the first is its production. For QuMi Tea, the rice (also millet and wheat) can be fried in a hot iron pan in advance to make the rice grains brown. Rinse with cold water to remove the smell of burnt rice grains and burnt paste, then cook in boiling water, and let it cool down for enjoyment. In these processes, the key is frying and water. The stir fry must be well controlled, the time is short, the Qumi tea is tasteless, the time is long, the rice grains are black, and the Qumi tea cannot be eaten. It is necessary to master the proportion of water. If there is less water, it will cook porridge, which is not tea. If there is too much water, cooked Qumi tea will not have the effect of hunger. The seemingly simple QuMi Tea is a culinary art. The second is the charm of Qumi Tea. In June, July and August, "when He was noon, sweat dripped into the soil." When you are thirsty, hungry and tired, drink two bowls of Qumi tea. Suddenly, I am not thirsty, and I am not hungry. It's not tiring, it's amazing. Qumi tea can indeed quench thirst, relieve heat, and also satisfy hunger and fatigue. The third is to pay attention to how to eat Qumi tea. The presence of a ballad is enough to explain:
Zhang Gang people, courtesy,
The fire burned away in June,
Come in and drink bowl of QuMi Tea,
Oil-salted pea pickles,
Salted duck eggs, pickled vegetables,
There is also a scorching fire.
To drink Zhang Gang's Qumi Tea, you must taste it with oil-salt peas, pickled cucumbers, salted duck eggs, pickled vegetables, and Zhang Gang's braised pork. Otherwise, it is not enough to feel the unique flavor of Zhanggang Qumi Tea.
Nowadays, Zhang Gang's Qumi Tea and Huoyao have already stepped out of the county seat, into the provincial seat, and toward the whole country. It can be said that wherever there are Zhang Gang people living and working, this unique Qumi tea and scorched fire are indispensable.
Zhanggang Huoyao is a kind of noodle food spread in Zhanggang area, which is a specialty of Tianmen.
小麦面粉，清水，老面(发过酵的面团)，芝麻。 Make raw wheat flour, water, old noodles (fermented dough), sesame.
In the production process, add flour to the right amount of water and mix well, add a small amount of old noodles (can be replaced by edible baking powder purchased on the market), and maintain a certain temperature to ferment. It is appropriate to ferment to the appearance of uniform small pores in the dough. Sour. Make a pancake-shaped noodle dish with sesame seeds on both sides.
The most traditional method is to first place the noodle soup on an iron pan and bake it for a while, so that the outer surface of the noodle soup forms a hard shell (the inner surface is not yet cooked), and then it is wrapped with lotus leaves or pumpkin leaves and buried in the stove. The unburned gray fire is grilled until cooked. This is the most authentic fire.
The most popular method nowadays is to use ào zi (a pancake utensil, made of cast iron, flat round, slightly convex center) and bake it all at once.
正宗的张港火烧粑都是用老面发酵，用灰火烧熟，外壳呈金黄色，脆而不糊，内肉呈粉白色，软而不粘，有荷叶和南瓜叶的清香，脆软可口，实乃面食中的佳品。 Food characteristics Authentic Zhang Gang fire roasted glutinous rice are fermented with old noodles and cooked with gray fire. The outer shell is golden yellow, crisp and not sticky, the inner meat is pink and white, soft but not sticky, with the fragrance of lotus leaves and pumpkin leaves. Crispy and delicious, it is really the best in pasta.