Tianmen Qianyi Town

Qianyi Town was formerly known as "Qingtan", also known as Qianyi. It borders Huayan Lake in the north, and reaches Shenhu in the south 20 kilometers away from Xiantao City, 4 kilometers away from Tianerhe Town in Hanchuan City, and 100 kilometers away from Wuhan. 28 kilometers to Jingling, the Hesha Highway runs through the middle and is the east gate of Tianmen.

Qianyi Town has a long history. It is located on the plain, the land is fertile, and the ditch is full of width. It is known as the "Hometown of Fish and Rice". It was set up as a post station during the Ming Dynasty. It was called Qingtan Post Station and Qiantan Post Station. It was renamed Ganzhen Post Station in the Yongzheng Period of the Qing Dynasty. Qianyi Town is a famous hometown of overseas Chinese with nearly 10,000 overseas Chinese and Chinese living overseas. Its branches are located in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Japan, the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Russia and other 36 countries. Regions, mainly in Southeast Asia.

Qianyi Town is the birthplace of Tianmen's folk music "disc, lotus, and three stick drums", a treasure house of folk songs and small songs.


Qianyi is a famous town in the east of Tianmen with a long history. In ancient times, here was a ring of beaches along the northern edge of Yunmenze, a place where many fishermen came here to cook the smoke in fine weather. Over time, this nameless beach was called "the clear beach" by people based on their natural characteristics and functions. Later generations often called "Ancient Sunny Beach". According to legend, in the Shang Dynasty, it has become a dry river beach north of Hanshui. Gradually a crowd came to settle here to engage in fishing, grazing and farming. Passing ships here anchored and sheltered from the wind, moored overnight, replenished food fuel, and exchanged goods. As a result, people call it "dry beach" based on other physical features. With the expansion of the scope of the exchange, the number of people participating in the exchange increased, and the place of exchange gradually fixed, forming an early market. At the beginning of the Song Dynasty, the market town developed to a considerable scale and became an important commercial port along the Hanshui River. According to the system of the town, it was called "Qiantan Town", referred to as "Qian Town" for short.

Ming Xianzong Chenghua thirteen years (1477), the inspection department was set up here. In the seventeenth year of Chenghua (1484), a post station was established here, which was initially called "Sun Beach Station" and later changed to "Qiantan Station". In the fourth year of the Yongzheng period of the Qing Dynasty (1726), it was renamed "Qianyi", referred to as "Qianyi" (now called "Qianyi" for convenience), and it is still in use today. It belongs to Guansi Village, Guancheng Village (renamed township at the end of Qing Dynasty) in Tianmen County. Inspection offices, post stations and village (township) sites are located here.

In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), it was the residence of Qianyi District Office. In the fifteenth year of the Republic of China (1926), it was a resident of Ganyi District. In the eighteenth year of the Republic of China (1929), it was the resident of the autonomous region. In the spring of 1930, the Communist Party of China established the Soviet government in Ganyi Town, Ganyi District. In February 1932, it belonged to the Soviet government of Tianhan County. In the 27th year of the Republic of China (1938), it was the resident of Ganyi Township, the third district of Tianmen County. In the spring of 1943, the Japanese and Puppet Army changed the Qianyi Township to the Hebei United Insurance Office, which belongs to the Japanese and Puppet Regime of Erhe District, Hanchuan County. At the same time, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Ganyi Anti-Japanese Democratic Government was established in the spring of 1943, belonging to the First Lian Township of Tianhan County Administrative Committee (renamed Tianmen County Administrative Office in February 1944).

In May 1946, the government of Ganyi Town was established, which was directly under the county south administrative office (county level). In July 1946, he was the resident of Ganyi Township Office of the KMT Tianmen County Government. On April 28, 1948, the post was liberated. In June of the same year, the patriotic democratic government of Ganyi was established, which belongs to the fourth district of Tianhan County. In July 1949, it was placed under Tianmen. In October 1950, it belonged to the third district of Tianmen County. In June 1951, it was the site of a town under county jurisdiction. In July 1952, it was the residence of the fourth district office. Qianyi is a district town. In May 1956, he was the resident of the Guiyi Guidance Group. In July 1958, he was the resident of Ganyi District Office. In September of the same year, it was the site of the Dongfanghong People's Commune. In April 1961, it was the residence of Ganyi District Office. In November 1975, the area was merged into the community of Ganyi Commune. In March 1984, he has been the resident of the People's Government of Ganyi (county).

【Food Culture】

Qianyi people with deep cultural heritage are extremely particular about food culture. For thousands of years, a fish-based dish system with strong characteristics of water villages has been formed, as well as local (hot), rotten (cooked), and light (sweet) local flavors. When a guest arrives at the post, the hospitable host often invites the guests to the birthplace of "Three Steamed Fish" and the century-old restaurant "Tianxi Restaurant" to taste the authentic "Tianmen Three Steamed". The so-called "three-steaming" refers to steamed soft-shelled turtle (鳝), steamed steamed tuna, and steamed steamed fish (squid sea bream) which are made from distillate.

In Ganyi urban and rural areas, every festive banquet, the first dish is "blessing of heaven", that is, chowder. According to rumors, during the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty, Zhou Jiamo in the ancestral town returned to his hometown to worship his ancestors due to the promotion of the official priest Shangshu (respected as the Heavenly Official and Otsukazai). In the case of insufficient preparation in advance, Zhou Tianguan temporarily asked the family to collect all kinds of dishes such as mountain, seafood, chicken, duck, fish and other meat prepared by the restaurants and restaurants in the town, stew them in a large pot, and take the image of the three fresh gatherings of meat, fish, and eggs. Reuniting with relatives and friends, sharing happiness with the guests and the guests, and blessing the police, they named the chowder "Family Portrait". By opening a "flowing mat", each table is served with a basin to entertain. Afterwards, in honor of the feast of Zhou Tianguan, the villagers changed the name of the dish to the more auspicious "Blessing of Heavenly Officials", and agreed to make it the first dish on the official banquet. Among the traditional delicacies, there is a "Ji Jiu Ji" commemorating the Ming Dynasty's two Jingjing Guojian prisoners who worshiped Ruduo in Donggangling (now Liuwan Village). volume". In addition to the famous dishes mentioned above, there are also steamed bonito, crisp whole fish, uncooked bonito, boiled yellow croaker, bonito hot pot, elbow meat and other well-known amaranths and well-known simmered wormwood, taro, and steamed vegetables. .

In the traditional snack list, Ganyi snacks are well-received by the world, and the ingredients are fine and sophisticated. The freshly baked Guo Kui is like a lion's head or Luo Han belly. It is yellow on two sides, soft in the middle, soft and soft, and full of aroma. Among the famous spots, there are hemp sugar, hemp leaves, pipe sugar, jujube, crisp sugar and crisp moon cakes.

[Folk Culture]

Ganyi folk songs are loved by the world for their rustic rusticity, so they are called "treasures of folk songs". More than 200 folk songs circulating so far still sing for the local people. Fan Shichang (1940-1988), a folk song lover in town, edited dozens of innovative folk songs, of which 18 won provincial, prefecture and county outstanding folk song awards respectively. Folk entertainers and outstanding folk singers Zhou Qiucheng, Zhou Zhuangxian, Zhang Fengzhu, etc., went to Beijing to report and sang new folk songs such as "Love Songs on the Water", "Flowers in Wanglang", "Landscapes in the Lake Countryside", which were praised by the central leadership and the capital People's praise. Folk literary and artistic forms such as "playing lotus", "naughty dishes", "playing three sticks of drums", and "drawing a dragon boat" that prevail in Ganyi districts are the means by which people in the old society chose to make a living out of poverty. Today, it has become a traditional show retained on the local stage. At present, the middle-aged and elderly people in the town regard "Yangge Dance", "Disc Dance", "Waist Drum Dance", "Lianxiang Dance" and Dance Sword as fitness programs, and come together sooner or later to carry out self-entertainment activities. . Gan Yi's folk paper-cuts (commonly known as carved patterns), because of their simplicity and generosity, vivid images, and distinct layers, are unique in Yilin and are loved by the people everywhere. Many women use them as embroidery patterns and decorations. The paper flowers made by Gan Yiren are even more colorful and beautiful. They are popular arts and crafts in the market. In 1984, the town cultural station excavated a large-scale palace lantern designed by a folk craftsman in the "Old Town of Overseas Chinese Township" and won the Silver Prize of the First Spring Festival Lantern Fair in Hubei Province. There are also cinemas, skating cities, karaoke rooms, dance halls, leisure tea houses, workers' clubs and veteran cadres activity centers. Football, basketball, badminton, table tennis, and gateball are often held.

[Grand Post Celebrities]

Overseas Chinese in Modern Times

Qianyi is one of the key overseas Chinese hometowns in Tianmen. Mr. Lu Chao (1915-), head of the Food Safety Department of the United Nations World Health Organization in 1965, was from Zhuling Village. He was the first Chinese business expert to hold a leadership position at the World Health Organization. He has done a lot of fruitful work to restore our country's legal seat in the United Nations. According to incomplete statistics, within the township area, there are now 1850 households and 7,371 overseas Chinese and foreign Chinese. Distributed in India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Singapore, Japan, the United States, Britain, France and other 36 countries and regions.

Historical figures

There are many talents in the post. In the Ming Dynasty, a lot of senior officials came out. The rumored "One Lane, Two Shangshus" refers to the Ming Dynasty Family Ministry Shangshu (respectively known as the Land Officer and Chief Stuart) and the Ministry of Rites Wei Shangshu (respectively referred to as the Spring Officer and Dazongbo); Specify the official ministry Shangshu Zhou Jiamo; "Zhou Jiyi Jiu Jiu" refers to Lu Duo, who is the Jiujian Jiu Jiu (respectively known as Dasicheng) on behalf of the two capitals. At the end of the Qing Dynasty (1889), Zhou Shumo (1860-1925), a man from the street in the town, had a small number of characters and a name of Shen Guan. Participate in the hall test, list a top five (that is, two top two) Jinshi, choose Chang Chang, former governor of Heilongjiang and minister of Sino-Russian exploration circles. During the Beiyang government, he twice served as the president of the Pingzheng Academy. He resigned twice because of opposition to Yuan Shikai's claim to emperor and the army. Respected by the world.

At Gan Yi, a group of literati and celebrities also appeared. The Chinese painters of the Qing Dynasty, Lu Yan, Xi Zhen, and Xu Xushan, and calligrapher Li Yunzhang, are unique in the painting world academy and enjoy a great reputation. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, Chen Xinyuan (1881-1954, a member of Shazui Village), a well-known teacher of the Confucian Classics, wrote poems such as "Chen She's Difficulties" and "Four Army Inscriptions", and enthusiastically praised the great achievements of the Peasant Movement and the New Fourth Army. People praise.


Gan Yi Crayfish Food Culture Festival